Roles of governments, companies and individuals to combat climate change.

Nowadays, climate change and global warming issues have become prevalent and widely discussed issues. Many people discuss the evidence of climate change and propose a solution on how to solve many problems from the climate change effect. I firmly believe that steps should be taken to reduce the damage that we are causing to the planet.

To begin with, the main reason for the environmental pollution is an increasing trend in transportation and industries. The smokes from the vehicles are the main reason for the environmental pollution in major cities like Kathmandu. These old vehicles emit harmful chemicals and gases like nitrogen oxide and carbon monoxide, which are harmful to living beings and also destroys the earth protecting the ozone layer. Also, the chemicals are being highly used in the industries; as a result, those harmful chemicals are dumped into the rivers and land, which is being the primary cause of water pollution.

Government and private companies could undoubtedly make more efforts to reduce air pollution. They could introduce laws to limit emissions from factories or to force factories to use renewable energy from solar, wind or water power. The government must organize awareness programs for the public. The government should take action immediately to stop deforestation by strict law and monitoring.

Individuals should also take responsibility for the impact they have on the environment. They can take public transport rather than driving, choose products with less packaging, and recycle as much as possible. Most supermarkets now provide reusable bags for shoppers as well as ‘banks’ for recycling glass. By reusing and recycling, we can help to reduce waste. We can make a big difference by making small changes in our daily routine, for example – using energy-efficient appliances in daily chores, taking a walk or cycling for short distances.

In conclusion, I would maintain that only a combination of agreement, national policies, and changes in individual behaviour will succeed in preventing further damage to the environment.